"If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy
neighbor as thyself, ye do well: but if ye have respect of persons, ye commit sin, and are
convinced of the law as transgressors." James 2:8,9.
2. By what law is the knowledge of sin?
"I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had
said, Thou shalt not covet." Rom. 7:7.
NOTE.-The law which says, "Thou shalt not covet" is the ten commandments.
3. By what are all men to be finally judged?
"Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God and keep His
commandments: for this is the whole duty of man: For God shall bring every work into
judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil." Eccl.
12:13,14. "So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of
liberty." James 2:12.
NOTE.-The law which is here called " the law or liberty," is the law which
says, "Do not commit adultery" and "Do not kill," for these
commandments had just been quoted in the verse immediately preceding. In verse 8, this
same law is styled "the royal law;" that is, the kingly law. This is the law by
which men are to be judged.
4. What system was established on account of man's transgression of the law of God?
The sacrificial system, with its rites and ceremonies pointing to Christ.
5. Why did the patriarch Job offer burnt offerings?
"And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day; and sent and
called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them. And it was so, when the days
of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in
the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for
Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus
did Job continually." Job 1:4,5.
6. How early was this sacrificial system known?
"By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by
which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts." Heb.
11:4. See Gen. 4:3-5; 8:20.
7. By whom was the ten commandment law proclaimed?
"And the Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the
voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice. And He declared unto
you H is covenant, which He commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and He
wrote them upon two tables of stone." Deut. 4:12,13.
8. How was the ceremonial law made known to Israel?
"And the Lord called unto Moses, . . . saying, Speak unto the children of
Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering," etc. Lev.
1:1,2. "This is the law of the burnt offering, of the meat-offering, and of the
sin-offering, and of the trespass-offering, and of the consecrations, and of the sacrifice
of the peace-offering; which the Lord commanded Moses in mount Sinai, in the day that
He commanded the children of Israel to offer their oblations unto the Lord, in the
wilderness of Sinai." Lev. 7:37,38.
9. Were the ten commandments a distinct and complete law by themselves?
|The Moral Law
||The Ceremonial Law
|Is called the "
royal law." James 2:8.
||Is called " the law.
. . contained in ordinances." Eph. 2:15.
|Was spoken by God. Deut.
||Was spoken by Moses. Lev.
|Was written by God on
tables of stone. Ex. 24:12.
||Was "the handwriting
of ordinances." Col. 2:14.
|Was written "with
the finger of God." Ex. 31:18.
||Was written by Moses in a
book. 2 Chron. 35:12.
|Was placed in the ark.
Ex. 40:20 1 Kings 8:9; Heb. 9:4.
||Was placed in the side of
the ark. Deut. 31:24-26.
perfect." Heb. 7:19.
|Is to "stand fast
forever and ever." Ps. 111:7,8.
||Was nailed to the cross.
|Was not destroyed by
Christ. Matt. 5:17.
||Was abolished by Christ.
|Was to be magnified by
Christ. Isa. 42:21.
||Was taken out of the way
by Christ. Col. 2:14.
|Gives knowledge of sin.
Rom. 3:20; 7:7.
||Was instituted in
consequence of sin. Leviticus 3-7